Excelsior NUR505 2021 September Module 5 Quiz Latest


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Module 5 Quiz  

Question 1A 30-year-old pregnant woman presents for her follow-up at 28-week gestation. Her random plasma glucose in the previous visit was 142 mg/dL. This visit, her 2-hour glucose tolerance test resulted in 211 mg/dL. As a result, what is the most potential complication for this patient?

Type 1 diabetes mellitus.

Type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Low birth weight.

Spina bifida.

Question 2Which of the following can decrease the production of prolactin pathologically?


Liver cirrhosis.


Dopamine agonists.

Question 3Which of the following patients has the highest risk for developing diabetes mellitus?

A patient with hemoglobin A1C of 6.5%.

A patient with fasting plasma glucose of 120 mg/dL.

A patient with 180 mg/dL plasma glucose during OGTT .

A patient with polyuria and plasma glucose of 88 mg/dL.

Question 4Which of the following is not expected to be found in a patient with diabetes ketoacidosis?

Plasma glucose level of 290 mg/dL.

Serum pH level of 7.31.

Serum bicarbonate of 26 mEq/L.

Urine 50 mg/dL.

Question 5Which of the following is correct about the pathophysiology of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)?

The incidence of BPH decreases with advancing age.

BPH depends on the androgen dihydrotestosterone level.

BPH lowers the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level.

BPH greatly increases the risk for prostate cancer.

Question 6How does thyrotoxicosis affect the endocrine functions?

It decreases cortisol degradation.

It decreases bone resorption.

It decreases insulin sensitivity.

It decreases parathyroid hormone level.

Question 7Polycystic ovary syndrome (POS) is characterized by excessive production of which of the following?

Androgen and estrogen.

Androgen and progesterone.

Prostaglandin and estrogen.

Progesterone and estrogen.

 Question 8Which of the following is correct about the relationship of cervical cancer and human papillomavirus (HPV) infection?

HPV infections are responsible for 40% of cervical cancer cases.

The incidence of HPV infections increases as women age due to anatomic changes.

Young women have a greater risk for cervical oncogenic HPV infections.

Most types of HPV infections have been found to be cervical oncogenic.

Question 9Which of the following is correct about the pathophysiology of ovarian cancer?

Abnormal vaginal bleeding is an early sign of ovarian cancer.

Factors that suppress ovulation increase the risk of ovarian cancer.

It is documented that the great majority of ovarian cancers are familial.

There are no specific or cardinal symptoms of ovarian cancer.

Question 10In females, hyperprolactinemia            the production of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH), which leads to            level of FHS causing           .

Select the option with the appropriate terms to fill in the spaces.

decreases; decreased; anovulation.

decreases; decreased; dysmenorrhea.

increases; decreased; anovulation.

increases; increased; dysmenorrhea.

Question 11Women who do no ovulate will have more            and less           . This imbalance leads to           .

Select the option with the appropriate terms to fill in the spaces.

estrogen; progesterone; uterine hyperplasia.

estrogen; progesterone; uterine atrophy.

progesterone; estrogen; uterine hyperplasia.

progesterone; estrogen; uterine atrophy.

Question 12When insulin is deficient, the lipolysis is           , which stimulates the liver to increase its           , which worsens the hyperglycemia.

Select the option with the appropriate terms to fill in the spaces.

Increased; glyconeogenesis.

Increased; glycolysis.

Decreased; glyconeogenesis.

Decreased; glycolysis.

Question 13When you perform cardiovascular assessment on a patient with Grave’s disease, which of the following manifestations do you expect to find?

   Hypotension; tachycardia; loud first heart sound (S1), second heart sound (S2).

Hypotension; tachycardia; atrial dysrhythmias.

Hypertension; muffled heart sounds; third heart sound (S3) gallop.

Tachycardia; displaced apical pulse; loud (first heart sound (S1), second heart sound (S2).

Question 14 Patients with syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) present with symptoms associated with which of the following?

Serum hyponatremia.

Serum hyperosmolality.

Serum acidemia.

Serum hyperaldosteronisms.

Question 15A 28-year-old woman who has been unable to conceive presents at a clinic. Diagnostic tests are ordered and revealed negative serum hCG, normal TSH, normal prolactin, and high FSH. The pathophysiology of these findings is affecting which of the following?

Thyroid gland.



Pituitary gland.

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